Rare ocular features in a case of Kabuki syndrome (Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome).

TitleRare ocular features in a case of Kabuki syndrome (Niikawa-Kuroki syndrome).
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsChen Y-H, Sun M-H, Hsia S-H, Lai C-C, Wu W-C
JournalBMC Ophthalmol
Volume14
Pagination143
Date Published2014
ISSN1471-2415
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Kabuki syndrome is a multi-system disorder with peculiar facial features, and ophthalmic abnormalities are frequently involved. This case report of a child with Kabuki syndrome describes two new previously unreported ophthalmic conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old Taiwanese boy with Kabuki syndrome had a short stature, spinal dysraphism, intellectual disability and typical facial features. Ophthalmic findings which have been previously reported in the literature and in this patient, included ptosis, esotropia, coloboma of the iris, retina, choroid and optic disc, and microcornea. The newly identified ophthalmic features in this patient included colobomatous microphthalmos and a dysplastic and elevated disc without central cupping. The genetic analysis identified an MLL2 gene mutation. CONCLUSION: The presentations of a dysplastic disc and colobomatous microphthalmia are rarely reported in patients with Kabuki syndrome, but these ophthalmic abnormalities may affect vision. Detailed ophthalmic evaluations in children with Kabuki syndrome are advised.

DOI10.1186/1471-2415-14-143
Alternate JournalBMC Ophthalmol
Citation Key1572
PubMed ID25421742